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September 26 marked the 108th anniversary of the first continuous use of chlorine to disinfect a public drinking water supply in the United States, notes a Water Quality & Health Council (WQ&HC) Perspectives article (September 23). In an extensive feature story, the WQ&HC notes that in 1908, “chlorine chemistry’s germ-defeating properties were demonstrated in drinking water in two very different settings in the United States. ”First, a test of chlorination improved the quality of animal feed water, drawn from a highly polluted stream in Chicago’s Union Stockyards”, states the story. “Days later, in Jersey City, chlorinated water was supplied for the first time on a permanent basis to a large U.S. municipality. The results included a dramatic decline in the local typhoid fever rate and a water supply that, according to a 1928 sanitary engineering report, ‘is not only of a high sanitary quality, but…it compares favorably with the best in the country,’” according to the story. “Good news traveled quickly and within a decade, drinking water chlorination spread to nearly every large city in the country. It has been called ‘a tremendous boon in the safeguarding of public health all over the world and is probably the most important and efficient sanitary measure of protection ever introduced.’” Contact: Mary Ostrowski, 1-202-249-6705.
Designed by Meaghan Groah of the ACC, this wonderful new book and website is for children of all ages. It helps to educate on how chlorine is a positive part of our daily lives that is present in important products and applications from all over the world. From solar panels to herbicides, modern plastics to protecting metal, the book is full of exciting stories that everyone can enjoy. You can even try learning about chlorine whilst colouring in the pictures online!
Check out the exciting adventures of Team Chlorine via the website teamchlorine.org!
Over 3,000 scientists, government officials and policy experts representing 120 countries gathered in Stockholm 28 August – 2 September 2016 for the 26th annual World Water Week conference. Organized by the Stockholm International Water Institute, World Water Week is “the annual focal point for the globes’ water issues,” according to the Institute’s website. A highlight of the week was the presentation by H.M. Carl XVI Gustaf, King of Sweden, of the Stockholm Water Prize to Water Quality & Health Council member, Professor Joan B. Rose.
Professor Rose, an original member of the 25-year old Council, is a Michigan State University microbiologist and world expert on the protozoan parasite Cryptosporidium. As a co-founder of the ambitious Global Water Pathogen Project, Professor Rose organized over 100 scientists from around the world into nine expert teams to address key fecal pathogen groups and the measures necessary to control those pathogens. The project will feature an online “open access integration platform” that will be updated regularly by the experts. Using the online tool, engineers and scientists working anywhere in the world will be empowered to tap into the best available science for reducing human exposure to fecal pathogens.
In an attempt to protect the population of the South Sudan as a whole, the UN Mission (UNMISS) and their partners are continuing to supply daily water supplies. This water is treated with chlorine in order to disinfect the water and keep it free from harmful microorganisms, such as those that cause cholera.
This year there have been many high-profile flooding events in North America, Europe and South Asia. Alongside the terrible loss of human life and property, it is essential that the clean-up begins soon after the event to prevent further loss of life due to water-borne disease.
According to a recent article by the Water Quality and Health Council (WQ&HC), it should be assumed that all flood waters are contaminated with such diseases. As such, once the flood waters have been removed and the affected areas are dry and clear of surface dirt/ debris, a disinfecting solution of water and chlorine bleach should be used. Wearing gloves and protective equipment should also help protect people from flood water splashes and subsequent disease whilst cleaning.
The WQ&HC recommend that the bleach solutions should contain 3/4 cup (~150 ml) regular strength chlorine bleach or 1/2 (~120ml) cup concentrated bleach to one US gallon (around 3.8 l of water) to disinfect walls, floors and other surfaces. Leaving such surfaces wet for at least 10 minutes will help correct disinfection. Also replacing the bleach solution as it becomes cloudy will help reduce the chance of microbial contamination.
The American Chemistry Council’s Chlorine Chemistry Division (CCD) traveled to Dallas, Texas to participate at the largest eco expo in the world. Tens of thousands of people gathered over the three-day public festival that aims to raise environmental awareness through innovation and progressive action.
More than 500 exhibitors gathered to share environmental-friendly knowledge and best practices from an array of platforms including the academic and government sectors. In 2015 the event’s media outreach garnered 23.2 million impressions from television, online, print and radio ads. The festival is free to both exhibit and attend.
CCD brought the fun back to chemistry with an experiment to demonstrate an endothermic reaction by making a cold pack using baking soda and citric acid. Children and adults of all ages learned the value of our industry and its innovations for a sustainable future.
In addition to participating in a popular chemistry experiment, kids and their parents took home thousands of Team Chlorine activity books. It was a tremendous success by showing attendees of all ages how chlorine chemistry drives progress on every front, including the environment, every single day. For example, few attendees knew that chlorine chemistry plays a surprisingly vital role in the production of solar panels and windmill turbine blades. And few knew that chlorine chemistry plays a surprising role in development of crop protection materials that supply a healthy and abundant food supply for families around the world.
You can learn more about the surprising role chemistry plays in everyone’s lives every day by visiting www.elementofsurprise.org.
Chlorine and its co-product, caustic soda are applied in many essential substances and products that we rely on in our daily lives. From well known uses like water disinfection, through essential products like PVC to various intermediates in nylon and silicon production; chlorine and its co-products make our lives better.
This is outlined in a set of excellent, colourful publications from South American, WCC member organisation Clorosur with input from Brazilian group Abiclor. These publications describe the essential uses of the substances as well as some general information on our industry.
A very successful technology conference was held in Moscow on 05 and 06 April 2016 on the theme of ‘Chlorine and its derivatives 2016: Best Available Techniques’.
More than 140 people from the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan, China, India and Europe attended the special tenth anniversary RusChlor conference to discuss items including the industrial production of chlorine and its derivatives, to share information on how to safely transport chlorine and the raw commodities, equipment and instruments that are used in chlor-alkali production.
Arranged in co-operation between WCC member RusChlor, the JSC National Chlorine Safety Centre, the Russian Federation Ministry of Industry and Trade, Federal Service for Ecological, Technological and Atomic Supervision as well as the Russian Chemists Union; over 78 legal entities were represented from state-owned and private companies, government agencies, trade associations, engineering companies and scientific organisations.
The main technological and safety challenges to the industry were presented alongside information on those Best Available Techniques (BAT). A highlight of the event was the open discussion on safe transportation of chlorine, something which the WCC follows very closely.
For further information on the event contact [email protected]
Celebrating Safer Drinking Water
People around the globe recently celebrated World Water Day and we would like to share with you two important updates related to this event. First, safe drinking water is something most people take for granted. To better educate policymakers, members of the media, and the public, the American Chemistry Council (ACC) and the Chlorine Chemistry Division released a video detailing the role that chemistry plays in the delivery of safe drinking water.
Specifically, the video invites viewers to learn how innovations in chemistry enable us to treat our water so that it is safe and clean, ensures water is delivered into our homes, schools and businesses and helps us conserve water for future generations. You can watch the video below.
Capitol Hill Event with Local Students
Also, as part of the celebration of World Water Day, ACC welcomed 38 upper elementary students from the Capitol Hill Montessori School. Jeffrey Sejour of International Action, which is working to chlorinate drinking water in Haiti, spoke with them about the importance of safe drinking water and shared stories about communities that need access to safe drinking water. Jeffrey also helped the students calculate how much water they use themselves just by washing their hands every day. ACC’s Chlorine Chemistry Division and Capitol Hill Montessori donated a $5,000 check to International Action on behalf of the students at Capitol Hill Montessori School.
The World Chlorine Council (WCC) is pleased to announce Mr. John McIntosh, recent appointee to the position of Executive Vice President of Olin and President of Chemicals & Ammunition, as the new WCC Governing Council Vice-Chairman.
In May 2014, he was appointed the Senior Vice-President of Chemicals and Senior Vice-President of Operations in October 2010. In February 1999, Mr. McIntosh held the position of President of Olin’s Chlor Alkali Products Division. In this role, he had the overall operational responsibility of the Chlor Alkali Products Division whose headquarters are in Cleveland, Tennessee, USA. In August of 1998, he was named the Vice-President of Operations for Olin’s Specialty Chemicals operations. Earlier in 1998, he held the position of Vice-President of Manufacturing and Engineering for Chlor Alkali.
Mr. McIntosh joined Olin in 1977 and has worked in various roles in manufacturing and operations before being appointed President of the Chlor Alkali Products Division.
He currently serves on the Chlorine Chemistry Division Management Committee and has held chairman positions on both the Executive and Finance Committees, as well as numerous American Chemistry Council (ACC) leadership positions. Mr. McIntosh will assume Governing Council Chairman position for 2017 and 2018 when the Secretariat responsibilities will be administered by the ACC’s Chlorine Chemistry Division.